Cannabinoids and terpenes
The cannabis plant contains more than 400 plant constituents with approximately 100 that are specific to the cannabis plant and referred to as cannabinoids.
The most abundant cannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) but other prominent cannabinoids are also present.
Additionally, the plant contains terpenes, flavonoids and essential fatty acids such as omega-3 and 6 fatty acids
Terpenes are compounds found in many plants that give plants their odour and protect them against microbes. Terpenes have their own significant therapeutic potential, with beta-caryophellyene, alpha pinene and humelene being some of the best-studied terpenes.
Cannabis constituent profile
The bioactive constituents of the cannabis plant differ in type and concentration based on plant strains, but are also affected by individual plant genetics, growing conditions and when the plants are harvested.